The Carpathians are the part of the Eastern Carpathians and rise in the west of Ukraine within Lviv, Ivano-Frankivsk, Transcarpathian and Chernivtsi regions. The Carpathians extend on the territory of Ukraine from the north-west to the south-east as a strip of 270 km in length and 100-110 km in width. These are mid-height mountains. Their average height is 1000 m. All the highest peaks – Hoverla (2061 m), Brebenescul (2032 m), Pop-Ivan (2032 m), Petros (2020 m), Hutyn-Tomnatyk (2016 m), Rebra (2010 m) are concentrated in the mountain array of Chornogora.
Hoverla is the highest mountain and the highest point on the territory of modern Ukraine. Hoverla is located on the border of Transcarpathian and Ivano-Frankovsk regions, about 17 km from the border with Romania. The name is of Hungarian origin and means “snowy mountain”. The first tourist route with climbing the mountain was opened in 1880. Today hundreds of tourists ascend the mountain every day. When visibility is good you can see cities of Ivano-Frankovsk, Kolomiya and Snyatyn on the north, and in southern direction – Roman city Sighetu-Marmatiei. At the foot of the mountain there is one of the sources of the river Prut. Not far from the place where water is out of the rocks, there is a waterfall, the height of which is about 80 m. Brebenescul is one of the highest peaks of the ridge Chornogora, it is located in the middle of the ridge on the border of Ivano-Frankovsk and Transcarpathian regions.
The mountain Pip Ivan is located on the south-eastern end of the ridge. The mountain is famous mainly by the building of the former observatory “White elephant”, which stands at the top of the mountain. The name of the observatory was most likely given due to the fact that every winter it accumulates much snow and ice, starting to look like a large white beast from the distance. Mountain Petros is located on the north-western end of the ridge Chornogora between mountains Sheshul and Hoverla in Rakhiv district of Transcarpathian region. The mountain is a tourist attraction with a starting point at the railway station Kvasy. The route length is 15 km. Hutyn-Tomnatyk is the peak of the western spur of Chornogora. Subalpine and alpine vegetation with a large number of rare and relict species grows on the mountain. Peak Rebra is located in the central part of the ridge. A number of rare plants listed in the Red Data Book of Ukraine, including cedar pine, Carpathian yellow herb, and recumbent cliff-dweller is also growing there. The very high-altitude lake of Ukraine, Brebenescul is located at an altitude of 1793 m above the sea level on the south-western slope of Chornogora ridge, in the valley between the mountains Brebenescul and Hutyn-Tomnatyk.
Also, there is the geographic center of Europe situated in the Ukrainian Carpathians, near the Dilove village. The stele that indicates the point was built there in 1887.
There are about 28 thousand rivers in Carpathians. The largest rivers are the Dnister and the Tysa. Such rivers as the Latoritsa, the Teresva, the Stryy, the Prut, the Siret, the Uzh, the White and the Black Cheremosh were formed as a result of fractures in the earth. The rivers originate in the depths of the mountains, at high altitudes. Rapids and waterfalls are often found.
Picturesque mountain scenery with green mountainside meadows, wooded hills hiding freshwater lakes and refreshing river streams, majestic peaks
and sweet smelling forests will enchant you. This region is not only famous for its natural beauty, but also for the cultural richness of its inhabitants. Visit the local mountain markets where artisans sell their folk art treasures. See history unveil before your eyes as age-old customs, traditions and folk dress come to life in front of you. The Carpathian Mountains are an adventure you will not forget soon! Carpathian Mountains - the oldest mountain range in Europe and distinctive cultural region. Having a vacation in the Carpathian Mountains is pleasant all year round. This is a land of magical landscapes, lakes and thick forests. Due to its healing climate, mountain air and many mineral springs, this region is on the right title "All-Ukrainian resorts.
The Carpathian Mountains are a real tourist gem. The Carpathians are a sweet home for the fans of an active recreation. After all, this region has a huge potential: there are opportunities both for sports - alpine skiing, paragliding, rafting, hiking, fishing, hunting etc, and for the treatment, such as various mineral and thermal waters. In addition, you can see many interesting things in the Carpathian Mountains: mountain pine, which grows on Mountain Pop Ivan at over 2000 meters, the highest tree - European larch, which height is 54 meters and the lowest - willow tupolistuyu, which height is 15 inches - on the slopes of Bliznitsa. In spring, you can see the valley of blooming daffodils not far from Rakhova. You will learn about karst caves, many nature reserves, the remains of ancient fortresses and the former Prince's Palace, salt lakes ala Dead Sea in Israel, much smaller in size, but with the same medicinal properties, the unique untouched nature, the beauty of mountains and the clean air.
The Carpathians are conventionally divided into 2 parts - Prykarpattya and Transcarpathia. Ivano-Frankovsk and Chernovtsy regions belong to Prykarpattya, Transcarpathia includes Transcarpathian or Uzhgorod region. Part of the Lvov region is also located in the mountains (the southern part). Mountains are of volcanic origin, with the average height of about 1200-1400 meters. The highest point is located near the village of Yassin and Yablunitsa - mountain Goverla (2061 m). Nearby are situated all highest mountains in the Ukrainian Carpathians - Petros, Hamster, Pop Ivan. Wonderful climate, mountain air and mineral waters create ideal conditions for the health improvement. Hotels, resorts and chalets are located in the picturesque countryside - in the river valleys, close to crystal clear lakes at the foot of the mountains and mountain ridges, surrounded by fabulous virgin forests. The main curative factor in the Transcarpathian region is carbonate or hydro-carbonate-sodium chloride mineral water. The natural healing wealth and modern medical facilities can get the sweeping effect in the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver and biliary tract, metabolic, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular and nervous systems.
There are many sources of mineral waters in the Carpathians. That is why tourists come here not only for recreation, but also for the treatment of diseases and improvement of the general health. Particular attention should be paid to the clean air - the difference is very significant after the big cities. The air is fresh, with a high content of ozone, and a slight scent of pine needles.
Therefore, there are many sanatoriums for treatment of respiratory diseases. Also the Carpathians are the ideal place for treatment and recovery thanks to the numerous mineral springs. The most famous spa resorts of the Carpathians are Svalyava, Polyana, and Bruise. The Ukrainian Carpathians generously reward all those who visit this region with a magnificent view of natural landscapes and the beauty of virgin forest. Any part of the Ukrainian Carpathians is unique and original. Growing on mountain slopes orchards and vineyards are the real feast for the eyes. Alpine meadows with lush vegetation stretch over the forests. In winter, the Carpathians are especially popular and attractive for skiing holidays. Mountains are located in 4 areas of Ukraine: Lvov, Transcarpathian, Ivano-Frankovsk and Chernovtsy. Mountain peaks are covered with snow for about 5 months a year. Practically every region there is a place for skiing; there are many ski resorts and motels, which are usually located in areas suitable for skiing and snowboarding. The most popular ski resorts are Slavske, Bukovel, Dragobrat. There are slopes of any level of complexity but black. Ski season in the Carpathians runs from December to March. In summer the Carpathians are full of tourists who prefer a green tourism - a horse-riding, swimming in mountain rivers, etc., or extreme tourism, that is hiking, bicycling, jeep tours, paragliding.
The most popular tourist resorts are Slavskyi, Yaremche, Bukovel, Dragobrat, Bruise, Glade, Podobovets, Pilipets, Sinevir and Shayan. Sanatorium "Mountain Tees" is famous for treatment and rest throughout the whole year.
The climate of the Carpathians is determined primarily by geographic location of the mountains, their significant height above the sea level, and a form of relief. Depending on the altitude above the sea level and sum of active temperatures, six climatic zones are defined in the Carpathians: very warm, warm and moderately warm (in the plains and foothills), cool – in the middle mountains, moderately cold and cold – in the highlands. With warm temperatures available from May to September, the Ukrainian Carpathian region enjoys sunny and warm summers with enjoyable conditions for active outdoor life available. During the winter, below zero Celsius temperatures and snowfall are expected from November to early April.
You can start with excellent opportunities for hiking in the Ukrainian Carpathians, and go further with some mountain biking, climbing or fishing. If you visit this part of Ukraine during the winter, you might also like to test the best loops for skiing in the Ukrainian Carpathians. You also have the opportunity to admire fascinating historical sights, such as many churches and fortresses of the area, to enjoy the lovely traditional spas and health resorts in the Ukrainian Carpathians, or experience the enjoyable mineral baths and healthy treatments of the area.
For cultural sights visit Kolomyia's popular Pysanka museum, showing Ukrainian folkloric tradition, explore the Khotyn castle, or pay a tribute to the museum of local Hutsul art. With cultural and historical sights spread around the area, most of the main natural attractions of the Ukrainian Carpathian are found in the Carpathian National Park, which also hosts the highest peak of Ukraine.
The center of touristic facilities of the Ukrainian Carpathians is found in Yaremche, which is a small spa town located along one of the two main driving routes to the mountains. Otherwise the area consists mainly of rural areas and wilderness, which however is easily reached from nearby cities of Lvov and Ivano- Frankovsk.
The territory of the Ukrainian Carpathians is inhabited by representatives of about 76 different nationalities, who have created a unique cultural diversity of this region. The majority of population is Ukrainians. Carpathian Ukrainians are divided into three ethnographic groups: Boyky, who inhabit central part of the Ukrainian Carpathians (south-western part of Rozhnyatyvskyy and Dolynskyy districts of Ivano-Frankovsk region, Skole, Turka, southern strip of Stryy, Drohobych, Sambir and most part of Staryy Sambir districts of Lvov region, northern part of Velykobereznyanskyy, Volovetskyy and Mizhgirskyy districts of Transcarpathian region), Lemky in the western part of the Carpathians, on both slopes of the so-called Low Beskyds (part of Velykobereznyanskyy and Perechynskyy districts of Transcarpathian region), Hutsuls in eastern part of Ukrainian Carpathians (Verkhovynskyy, Kosiv, southern part of Nadvirna and Bohorodchany districts of Ivano-Frankovsk region, adjacent Putylskyy, southern part of Vyzhnytskyy and Starozhynetskyy districts of Chernovtsy region, Rakhiv district of Transcarpathian region). Hungarians, Russians, Romanians, Gypsies, Slovaks, Germans, Jews, Belarusians, Czechs, Poles, Italians, Armenians, Azerbaijanians and representatives of other nationalities also live in Carpathians.
The cuisine is distinguished by three qualities: delicious, nourishing, natural. Its worth to try at least out of curiosity. Hutsuls, who eat such food, live very long. Milk from the Carpathian Valleys (alpine meadows) is not worse than the Alpine. Dishes with mushrooms, banosh have been prepared for hundreds of years and locals have mastered this art to perfection. After hutsul breakfast you’ll have enough strength for a long pedestrian crossing. Most traditional dishes are amazing accompanied both by the local brew, and expensive drinks.
Restaurants and coffee shops will offer you traditional dishes of Ukrainian cuisine: soup, potato pancakes, dumplings, pancakes. They also have a wide range of European dishes. Hutsul dishes are very simple and at the same time original. Most hutsuls use corn grits, potatoes, and mushrooms for cooking. Hutsul cuisine is known for its home-smoked meat, mushroom yushkoy, cabbage rolls, and brynza - feta cheese, which is prepared by shepherds in summer highland pastures.
Located on the western corner of Ukraine, the Ukrainian Carpathians are easily reached from the neighboring countries. However, travelling to the Ukrainian Carpathians is most often done through the city of Lvov, which is located northeast from the Carpathian Mountains. This Ukrainian mountain region is also reachable by road from inside Ukraine.
Hotels in the Ukrainian Carpathians are prepared to take good care of you, and restaurants in the Ukrainian Carpathians will be glad to introduce you traditional Ukrainian cuisines. If you are up to a party, you might also find some nightlife in the towns of Ivano-Frankovsk or Yaremche.