Dnepropetrovsk is the third largest city of Ukraine and the administrative center of the Dnepropetrovsk region with 1.1 million citizens.
The city is built mainly upon the banks of the Dnieper river, in the loop of a major meander where the river changes its course from the northwest to the south and later southwestern direction through Ukraine, ultimately reaching Kherson where it falls into the Black Sea. This location has always provided significant opportunities for the advancement of agriculture, mainly thanks to the natural irrigation provided by the river and the resulting fertile soils.
The area the city is built upon is mainly void of hills and other physical geographical features. Being mainly flat, the land has proven to be easy to utilize and thus it explains why the city has been able to grow to such a great extent over the past 200 years. Whilst most residential and commercial districts of the city are to be found on the less marshy southern bank of the river, a number of residential areas has developed on the previously less-hospitable northern bank. With the advancements in civil engineering in Ukraine, heralded by the rise of the Soviet Union's industrialization program, the northern bank was made more accessible for the development and nowadays a good number of the city's residents live in districts situated there; the area is still, however, largely devoid of any commercial activity.
Nowadays both the northern and the southern banks are homes to a range of industrial enterprises and manufacturing plants. The southern bank enjoys the exclusive patronage of the city's major business ventures, as well as the main railway station and the city airport, which is located around 15 km southeasterly of the city.
The center of the city is constructed on a large plateau next to the Dnieper; the old town however, is situated atop of the hill, formed as a result of the change of a river's course to the south.
During the summer, Dnepropetrovsk is very warm (average day temperature in July is +24 to +27 °C (75 to 81 °F)), and in the winter, it is cold (average day temperature in January is −3 to +4 °C (+27 to +39 °F).
The best time for visiting the city is the late spring — the second part of April and May, or an early autumn: September, October, when the city's trees turn yellow. Long periods of rain are normal in autumn. At other times it is mainly dry with a few showers.The climate is a mixture of temperate and continental climates, and sometimes in winter it is very cold and snowy (sometimes dropping down to −10 to −15 °C), and in summer, the city is very hot (up to +29 to +30 °C).
Dnepropetrovsk has a highly-developed public transportation system, including the Dnepropetrovsk Metro having one metro line, which consists of 6 stations.
How to get to Dnepropetrovsk:
International airlines, such as Austrian Airlines, Turkish Airlines and Aeroflot all have flights to Dnepropetrovsk International Airport, which is about 15km southeast of the city towards Zaporozhye. Local carrier Dniproavia flies to Kiev, Odessa, Simferopol (at summer only) and a few international destinations. Aerosvit also flies to/from Kiev.
Dnepropetrovsk has the country’s largest and most sophisticated bus station, located west of the centre at about a 10-minute walk from the train station. To save time, take marshrutky, not buses, to Donetsk and Zaporozhye. ‘Luxury’ bus operators Autolux and Gunsel have overnight trips to Kiev and you’ll find plenty of buses to Poltava, Kharkov, Odessa and Simferopol.
From the central train station the fast Stolichny Express to Kiev runs early morning and late evening, plus there are other services to Kiev (100uah, 10 hours). Trains also run to Odesa, Simferopol and all other major cities. There are fast elektrychky (electric trains) to Kharkov and Donetsk daily, plus a few slower passenger trains to both destinations. Some slow trains pass through the Zaporozhye’s neighborhood, but it’s much easier and quicker to get there by marshrutka.
There are reports about ferries that go down the Dineper from Kiev.
Eating and drinking in Dnipropetrovsk:
There is a wide variety of great restaurants throughout Dnepropetrovsk; many of them are located in the city centre, and along Karl Marks Avenue, a couple blocks from the town square. You will find a wide range of delicious dishes of international and Ukrainian traditional cuisine. There are Borshch, Shashlyk, Solyanka, Varenyky, Holubtsi, Deruny, Pampushky, Okroshka, Kutya, Rozsolnyk, Chicken Kiev, and Kasha among the appetizing Ukrainian dishes you may taste in Dnepropetrovsk
There are many bars, clubs, and discos where you can get a drink and listen to good music; you can also have a drink on the street, especially by the Dnieper River, or just in the city centre.
Best of Dnipropetrovsk:
There are many sights worth to take a look in Dnepropetrovsk, here are some of them:
Monastyrsky Island is one of the most interesting places in the city; this long island is located at the northeast of Shevchenko Park. In 1999 the Orthodox St. Nicholas Cathedral was built on the island, returning it its former name Monastyrsky
The city beach with food stalls and bars is located at Monastyrsky Island; nowadays the island is a popular place for a relaxed afternoon among locals and tourists. Taras Shevchenko Statue is located here. It is possible to reach the island not only via bridge, but also via the ropeway.
The History Museum is the largest and the most popular museum in Dnepropetrovsk. It houses a unique collection of 86 Babas which are oval stone statues of ancient Gods made by ancient people. The total exhibition area of the museum is more than 3 thousand square meters. Behind the museum there is a new building, which houses the “Battle for the Dnieper River” Diorama and some artillery objects of Soviet; it also has the cinema hall.
Preobrazhensky Cathedral was founded by the Minister Grigory Potyomkin in 1786 under the order of Catherine the Great. Preobrazhensky Cathedral houses the largest bell in the whole Dnepropetrovsk region. This is the holiest church in Dnepropetrovsk so dressing inappropriate is not allowed.
Citizens of Dnipropetrovsk are proud of their cultural heritage and background; the city houses many renowned theatres, for instance the City Opera and Ballet Theatre, the Gorky Russian Drama Theatre, the Theatre for Children and Youth, the Puppet Theatre, the Theatre of One Actor, the Circus, some Youth theatres, and especially the Shevchenko Ukrainian Drama Theatre.
Karl Marx Avenue is the most vibrant part of Dnepropetrovsk; it is filled with unique theatres and museums, administrative buildings, luxurious boutiques, department stores, and street markets. Central railway station is one of the most beautiful buildings in Dnepropetrovsk, Shevchenko Park which is a good example of the 18th century landscape gardening. Other sights in Dnepropetrovsk are the Dnieper River, the Yekaterinoslav boulevard, the Military Museum and the War Museum.
There are some interesting attractions on Zhovtneva Square, such as the History Museum, "Battle for the Dnieper River" Diorama, Preobrazhensky Cathedral founded by order of Catherine the Great in 1786, and also the beautiful recreational area in which one can rest for a while.
Shopping and souvenirs :
The Karl Marx Prospekt is the main trade artery of the city. There are plenty of shops and cafes of different sizes and for people with different income. The abundance of trade points can be observed also in several streets and squares contiguous to the Karl Marx avenue, and in the area around the Central Department Store (TSUM) - the biggest market place in the city.
The best place to buy souvenirs is the Exhibition on the boulevard opposite TSUM. Large malls are located far from the central part of the city; mostly in residential areas.
Although Dnipropetrovsk is an industrial city, it has a very enjoyable nightlife; you will find plenty of nightclubs, bars, discos, concert halls, showrooms, and other places of entertainment here. Most of the entertainment establishments are located along the Dnepr River. One of the most popular night activities is go to the park or along the River and drink some beers.
There are few but excellent nightclubs and drinking spots in Dnipropetrovsk, being the most popular M3, Pilot, Reporter, Shamrock Irish Pub, Berlin Club, and L'Orangerie. Labyrinth is one of the largest nightclubs in the city with 3 different music rooms (techno, dance, and pop/rock); it is located in the building, which has the form of a labyrinth. In the Panorama Bowling Club, you will enjoy playing bowling or billiards in a company of ladies.