UKRAINE    Excursions

 Kreschatik is the most famous and one of the busiest streets in Kiev. It is a wide boulevard with plenty of chestnut trees.Nowadays Kreschatik belongs to the major attractions of Kiev. The citizens adore this street, and the guests of Kiev try to visit it and feel its charming atmosphere first of all. Such Kreschatik buildings as the Kiev City Council, the Central Department Store, the National Philharmonic, as well as other administrative constructions, stores, hotels and metro stations deserve special attention of Kiev’s guests

Kreschyatik is the central street of the Ukrainian capital, and one of the most famous streets in the world. Despite being very short, only 1200 meters, Kreschyatik is as much important in the everyday lives of the locals, as it is in the attracting of tourists. That’s why it is very interesting how such a small street has gained the world-wide fame.
Almost 300 years ago Kreschyatyi was known as a spring, where Prince Vladimir christened his army, and not as the modern thoroughfare. In the 19th century Kreschyatyi became the main road in Kiev. The street has witnessed the first telephone lines, trams, urban water supply, first high buildings, hotels, and boutiques appearing here. Unfortunately during the World War II the Street was destroyed, but it was reborn after the war with buildings of unmatched beauty.

    The tour here will begin at the European Square, where you will see the Museum of Ukrainian House, the Museum of Water, the Puppet Theatre, and parks.
The Ukrainian House Museum, built in 1982 was originally founded as the Lenin’s Museum, displaying materials documenting Lenin’s life. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the building was renamed and converted to a conference and exhibition hall.
The Museum of Water has the name of the Water-information centre. Major task of the Museum of Water is to inform its visitors about the planet hydrosphere, the water-supply of Ukraine, irreversible processes generated by human’s activity and its influence on ecology in general. It would be interesting to see the water cycle existing in nature, including the processes of raining, absorbing by ground, passing different layers of earth, and gathering into rivers. Exposition is placed in the metro, where one can get using a lift. Guide will tell you how Kiev was supplied with drinking water long time ago, how much it used to cost, and how the first waterpipe was built. Here you can see the functional model of artesian hole, and learn how the sewage header is arranged. During a tour of the Museum of Water visitors learn what clearing stages sweet water goes through to become safe and useable, and also what factors worsen water on its way from treatment facilities to our kitchens and bathrooms.
Today the Puppet Theatre is a place worth coming to have a look at its decorative and architectural merits. It does look more like a fairy-tale castle than a theatre. One can say that in many of its architectural features the theatre’s design is eclectic, but it seems to be the right kind of eclectics justified by the purpose. There are elements of different architectural styles and trends to be seen in the exterior and interior of the theatre — motifs and borrowings from the Renaissance, Romanesque, and Art Nouveau are among the most conspicuous ones.
When you arrive at the center of the Street, the Independence Square (Maidan Nezalezhnosti), this is where the Kreschyatik Street begins and where the whole economical, political, cultural, and social life of the city is concentrated. Maidan Nezalezhnosti was completely rebuilt in 2002, the old look with many fountains was removed, and the new, more modern look with bronze compositions (depicting legendary founders of Kyiv, Kiy, Schek, Horiv and Lybid, folklore hero Mamay and city’s protector, Archangel Michael) and glass domes has appeared. Also huge underground market complex was built under Maidan Nezalezhnosti, named the Globe. The word "Maidan" is a Persian word which means square.
     You will see the Central Post Office, the International Culture Center, Shopping Center “Globus,” and the Monument of Independence on the square. Here the street is only 100 meters wide, and during the weekend it is for pedestrians only. As you walk down the street, you will pass to the old part of it, which dates back to the 19th century. You can find the Intim Theatre, the Bessarabsky market, and the Exhibition Center “Mandarin-Plaza” there, where you can buy your souvenirs after the tour.
We will finish our tour at the Bessarabsky market. It is the most ancient market building in our city. The Bessarabsky market is the most prominent art noveau style building in Kiev. It was constructed in 1912. There is an entertainment and trade center nearby. It is called Mandarin-plaza. There is always something to see in the Mandarin-plaza, and there is always something to buy in the Bessarabsky market. You can enjoy the view of the Shevchenko’s boulevard. There is an ambiguous monument to the leader of world proletariat there. It is situated in the final part of Kreschatik. So if you stroll along our main street you cannot help learning the destiny of local people that lived in Kiev in different centuries as well as getting some knowledge about different architectural styles.
It is 2 hours walking tour.

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10, Pankivska str.

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